Effective communication is a critical skill in the workplace. It’s what keeps organizations running smoothly and efficiently. But sometimes, there are barriers that get in the way. These barriers can hinder workflow, cohesion, job satisfaction, and overall effectiveness. That’s why it’s important to be aware of these obstacles and actively manage them.

In this article, we’ll explore why communication is foundational to healthy working and personal relationships and how you can become a better communicator.

The Importance of Effective Communication

Effective communication is crucial in preventing conflicts that could otherwise arise from misunderstandings. By fostering good communication practices, teams can avoid ambiguity and ensure everyone is on the same page. It is through open and effective communication that personal and professional relationships build upon a solid foundation, enabling individuals to understand and appreciate each other’s roles and responsibilities.

Communication skills in a business setting go beyond simply exchanging information. It involves motivating team members, engaging in meaningful conversations, and cultivating an environment conducive to efficient problem-solving and productivity. For anyone in a leadership or team management role, effective communication skills are not a bonus, but a necessity. These skills are essential for delegating tasks and maintaining respectful and productive relationships, which in turn boosts team morale and motivation.

Clear communication allows employees to understand expectations, meet goals, and align with the organization’s vision, promoting an enjoyable and efficient work culture.

Different Types of Communication

Different Types of Communication

Understanding different communication types is crucial for improvement. Verbal, non-verbal, written, and visual communication each have unique nuances.

Verbal Communication

Verbal communication refers to the act of engaging in spoken conversations with others. It can take place in various settings, including face-to-face interactions, phone calls, video chats (like Teams or Zoom), and more. Some oral communication exchanges are informal, like catching up with a friend over coffee or chatting in the office kitchen, while others are more formal, such as scheduled meetings or presentations.

Regardless of the context, it’s not just the words we use that matter; it’s also the quality and clarity of those words, how we weave them together to convey a meaningful message, and the way we use intonation (pitch, tone, cadence, etc.) while speaking. In face-to-face conversations, the words themselves are only part of the equation; non-verbal cues like gestures, facial expressions, and body language play a more significant role than you might think.

Most humans have 3 tools available to that impact how our message is actually received:

  • Words make up 7% of the message others receive
  • Voice makes 38% of the total impact
  • Body language is the most impactful, at 55%

You can see why misunderstandings are so common in written communication, as we lose the ability to contextualize our words by using our voice and gestures, leaving our words – and the attitude with which they were written – open to interpretation. This is what makes verbal communication so powerful and a much more effective way to get your message across in the right way.

Written Communication

Written communication is a common communication style in the business world. Examples of written communication include: emails, memos, reports, Facebook posts, Slack messages, and contracts. Regardless of the form, the objective remains the same: to share information clearly and concisely. However, this goal is often compromised by poor writing skills, leading to confusion, embarrassment, or even legal issues. In the digital age, writing solidifies and extends the lifespan of a message indefinitely.

That’s why two critical aspects should always be considered. For one, the quality of writing matters. Poorly structured sentences and careless errors not only reflect our ideas but also impact our professional image. Moreover, the content of our communication must be thoroughly thought out, as what we write can have a long-lasting impact on our personal and professional brand. These pillars are essential not only for preserving our reputation but also for facilitating effective information exchange.

Non-verbal Communication

Non-verbal Communication

As we saw above, non-verbal communication is hugely important, as body language conveys over half of the messages that others perceive. It’s the unspoken messages that truly speak volumes. When we speak, our actions say more than our words ever could. Non-verbal communication encompasses facial expressions, posture, eye contact, hand movements, and touch. For instance, imagine you’re discussing a cost-saving idea with your team. Paying attention to words is important, but equally crucial is observing the non-verbal cues of your audience.

While your team might verbally agree with your idea, their avoidance of eye contact, sighs, or a scrunched-up face could indicate a different sentiment. These subtle signs offer invaluable insight into a person’s true thoughts and emotions, making the interpretation of non-verbal signals an essential component of effective interpersonal communication. Understanding and responding to non-verbal cues are vital to fully grasp and engage in a well-rounded exchange of ideas.

Active Listening

Active listening is a dynamic process that involves giving our full attention to the speaker, truly understanding their message, providing feedback, and refraining from passing judgment or giving advice until they have fully expressed themselves. While listening often goes unnoticed in the realm of communication, it is actually one of the most crucial skills we can possess.

Without the ability to listen attentively, we cannot effectively engage with others. Consider a negotiation, for example. A key aspect of the process is understanding the wants and needs of the other party. Without active listening, accurately assessing that information becomes nearly impossible, making it difficult to achieve a mutually beneficial outcome.

Successful active listening goes beyond hearing the words spoken; it involves observing non-verbal cues and understanding the underlying nuances, and being able to reflect back to them what you heard in a way that makes them feel understood. Whether in meetings, personal discussions, or casual conversations, the ability to listen actively enhances our capacity to connect, problem-solve, and foster a more collaborative environment.

Contextual Communication

Contextual communication involves understanding the various aspects of the environment and circumstances that influence how a message is perceived and interpreted. This includes factors like the cultural background or generational perspectives of the people involved, the location of the interaction, the time of day, and the prevailing social norms or organizational hierarchy.

For example, a message delivered in a formal business meeting may be interpreted differently when communicated in a relaxed social setting. Similarly, what is considered polite and respectful communication in one culture may be seen as rude or too direct in another.

To engage in contextual communication, one needs to be aware of these factors and adapt communication strategies accordingly. It’s about delivering the right message to the right people at the right time, and in the right manner, ensuring that the context aligns with the content for maximum impact and understanding.

10 Effective Communication Strategies to Help You Communicate Better in the Workplace

In the following section, we’ll explore effective communication strategies for the workplace. These communication strategies can help you improve your communication skills and enable more successful interactions.

1. Know Your Audience

Understanding your audience’s interests, needs, and expectations is crucial for effective communication. When you tailor your communications to their interests, your audience becomes more engaged and interested. By speaking directly to what matters to them, you pique their interest and naturally engage their desire to understand and interact.

This approach applies not only to formal presentations but also to everyday interactions, emails, and team discussions. Aligning your message with your audience’s values and goals creates a powerful connection that can lead to greater influence, cooperation, and mutual respect. So remember, humanize your communication, improve the flow, and watch the impact it has on your audience.

2. Keep It Simple

Even the most engaged and committed audience will eventually get bored. So, it’s important to keep your message simple and concise. Remember, while you already know what you’re going to say, they’re hearing it for the first time. To effectively communicate in the workplace, avoid over-complicating your messages with unnecessary jargon or excessive detail. Instead, focus on using clear and straightforward language.

This approach makes it easier for your audience to follow along and grasp the essential points. It’s not just about making your communication easier on the ears, but also about respecting the listener’s time and cognitive resources. By keeping your communication simple, you ensure that important information is not lost in translation and improve operational efficiency.

3. Make Eye Contact

If you’re wondering whether your message is getting across, few things provide as much feedback as the eyes. It’s easy to tell if the person you’re speaking to understands, is distracted, worried, or confused—things that often get lost in digital communication. Eye contact during a conversation can signal confidence, honesty, and interest, both in what is being said and in the person you’re speaking to.

It fosters a sense of connection and engagement, making it critical for effective face-to-face communication in the workplace. However, be mindful of cultural differences, as eye contact norms can vary greatly from one culture to another. Balancing the right amount of eye contact without staring is a nuanced skill that, when mastered, significantly enhances your ability to communicate effectively.

Use Diverse Channels of Communication

4. Use Diverse Channels of Communication

To ensure effective workplace communication, it is crucial to leverage a mix of communication channels. In modern workplaces with diverse preferences and work styles, one communication method of communication may not suit all. For instance, visual presentations work well for some, while others prefer detailed reports or direct in-person discussions.

By utilizing a combination of emails, instant messaging, video conferencing, phone calls, and in-person meetings, you can address these differences. This approach also allows for repetition of critical information across various mediums, reinforcing the message and accommodating different learning styles.

5. Be Mindful of and Adjust Your Tone

The way you communicate speaks volumes, sometimes even more than the words themselves. It’s a crucial aspect of both spoken and written interactions, as it can greatly influence how the other person feels and responds. In a professional setting, maintaining a balance between professionalism and empathy can facilitate more constructive and effective conversations. It’s important to be mindful of how the tone of your voice might be perceived and adjust it accordingly based on the context and the emotions of your audience.

For instance, when addressing performance issues, a serious tone might be necessary, while a lighter tone can be beneficial in a brainstorming session. Failing to consider the needs of your audience can result in misunderstandings and diminish the impact of your message. The right tone can build trust, clarify intentions, and foster an open environment for communication.

6. Maintain Awareness of Your Body Language and Nonverbal Cues

Your nonverbal communication speaks volumes, even louder than your words. A slouch may be interpreted as disinterest, a frown as disapproval, and crossing your arms might be seen as a defensive barrier. Being aware of your non-verbal communication, facial expressions, and even the distance you maintain while communicating can greatly impact how your message is received.

Positive body language, such as appropriate gestures, nodding, and an open posture, can convey attentiveness and agreement, creating a more positive interaction. In a business setting, it’s crucial to align your nonverbal cues with your spoken words to avoid sending mixed signals that could cause confusion or mistrust. By staying mindful and in control of these nonverbal aspects, you ensure that your communication is consistent and reinforces the intended verbal message.

7. Acknowledge What Others Say

Active listening is more than just staying silent while someone else speaks. It’s acknowledging and responding to what others say, showing that you understand and value their input. You can do this by paraphrasing their points, using language like, “To make sure I understand, what I think I hear you saying is…”.

These actions not only affirm their contributions but also ensure that you understand their perspectives clearly. An acknowledgment can be as simple as a nod, but verbal affirmations like “I see your point” or “That’s an interesting take” go a long way in making others feel heard and respected. In a team, such recognition can encourage more open sharing of ideas and concerns, fostering a collaborative environment.

8. Minimize Distractions

Creating a focused and effective communication environment at work requires minimizing distractions. When having in-person conversations, keep unnecessary electronic devices away. Limit the attendance to those who need to be present and avoid scheduling meetings during times when people are likely to be preoccupied, such as just before the end of the day or right before lunch. By doing these things, you are setting up the conversation to be more engaging and productive. This enhances communication efficiency, promotes a more efficient meeting culture, and ensures that the conversations are valuable and purposeful.

9. Leverage Face-to-Face Communication When Possible

When it comes to communication, there’s nothing quite like meeting face-to-face. It adds layers of information to the exchange, whether it’s a conversation between two people or a gathering of two hundred. There’s a special synergy that happens in person, something that’s hard to replicate elsewhere. To make the most of your face time with your team, create a setting that encourages open dialogue and comfort.

Keep eye contact to show your engagement and presence. Let your gestures and expressions convey your emotions and reactions, building rapport and trust. And don’t forget to pay attention to others’ body language, as it speaks volumes. Face-to-face interactions foster unity and a shared sense of purpose, not to mention providing more opportunities to deepen relationships by providing the opportunity for casual chit-chat before or after the meeting.

10. Request and Provide Feedback

Not sure if they understood? Just ask! It’s a powerful technique to ensure your message is clear. Simply request that people repeat back their interpretation of what you just said. This strategy helps with retention, confirms immediate understanding, and can greatly reduce miscommunication in the long run. Communication is a mirror, so actively inviting others to provide constructive criticism gives valuable insights into how you can improve your delivery going forward. This reciprocal approach not only shows respect and investment in the communication process, but also fosters a culture of continuous improvement and open dialogue.

Ways to Communicate Better in Meetings

5 Ways to Communicate Better in Meetings

If everyone on your team hates meetings, you’re doing them wrong. Meetings should be an effective tool for collaboration and decision-making when facilitated properly. Here are some tips to help you level-up your meetings.

1. Establish a Clear Agenda and Meeting Guidelines

Creating a clear agenda before each meeting is key to maintaining focus and staying on topic. The agenda should outline the objectives of the meeting, a list of topics to be covered, and allot time for each segment. Well-defined guidelines, or “meeting rules,” can also facilitate a smoother process. This includes rules about punctuality, preparation, speaking turns, the use of technology, and methods for resolving disagreements. By having these principles in place, participants understand what’s expected of them, leading to more efficient and productive meetings.

2. Ensure Everyone is Prepared

To maximize meeting efficiency, it’s essential that all participants come prepared. This preparation involves reviewing the agenda, bringing necessary documents, or being ready to contribute to the discussion points. When attendees are informed and ready to engage, meetings are more likely to generate meaningful dialogue and actionable outcomes.

3. Establish Meeting Rules to Maintain Focus

Clear “meeting rules” can help keep the discussion on track and prevent the common pitfalls of tangents or disruptions. For instance, you might include rules about one person speaking at a time, the use of a “talking stick” or object to signify who has the floor, or time limits for each speaker to ensure the meeting stays on schedule. Other meeting rules could include how people prepare, or how you agree to engage and productive and respectful debate, which can sharpen thinking and improve ideas. Meeting rules should encourage respect, efficiency, and inclusivity.

4. Ask Questions to Bring Others Into the Conversation

While it may not always be possible or appropriate, meetings tend to work better when the attendees are involved in a conversation rather than simply listening to a long speech. However, some of those attending the meeting may be reluctant to interject or to volunteer an idea or opinion, which is why questions are so important. Ideally, you should try to make intelligent use of questions to push the conversation forward and to get specific ideas from people.

Questions can be aimed at the group, with attendees being given a chance to volunteer an answer, or aimed at individuals, which can be a good way to keep everyone engaged. By integrating questions into your meetings, you encourage participation, uncover valuable insights, and keep the energy dynamic and focused. This practice not only brings quieter attendees into the conversation, but also helps to ensure that all perspectives are heard and considered.

5. Pay Close Attention to Your Body Language

When improving communication skills, body language often remains an underestimated powerhouse. As referenced in a Forbes article on leadership, snap judgments are frequently made solely on one’s physical demeanor. Therefore, being mindful of your body language is pivotal when aiming to communicate more effectively in meetings. Before attending a meeting, take a moment to reflect on your posture, ensuring it conveys openness and engagement.

Avoid having your arms crossed, as it can be perceived as a defensive stance, and strive to maintain regular eye contact to demonstrate attentiveness and respect towards speakers. Adopting a positive posture not only projects confidence but also sets the tone for constructive interaction, inviting open communication and fostering a collaborative atmosphere.

How to Improve Online Communication

How to Improve Online Communication

In today’s digital age, effective online communication is just as important as in-person interactions and even easier to mess up!

With the growing prevalence of remote work and geographically dispersed teams, clear and constructive communication is essential. As we transition from boardrooms to virtual meeting rooms, it’s crucial to adapt our communication efforts to the online medium. In the next section, we’ll explore key strategies to improve online communication, ensuring successful message delivery and fostering professional connections in the virtual workspace.

Follow ‘Netiquette’

We all have our quirks when it comes to online communication, but there are a few general rules to abide by, especially when miscommunication is more likely to occur online. There’s an endless list of netiquette rules, but one of the most fundamental expectations is understanding tone. Make a conscious note of who you’re talking to and whether it’s appropriate to employ a formal or informal tone. If you’re conversing with a client, or your boss, you might want to take a more formal tone that conveys courteousness. Conversely, if you’re having an informal chat with a work friend or a close colleague, an overly formal tone might come across as unfriendly or clinical.

Here are a few additional netiquette rules to consider:

  • Don’t type in ALL CAPS, as it can make your message come across as hostile.
  • Emojis can help to add some emotion to your text; however, only use them where you deem appropriate.
  • Adding greetings, such as, “Hope you’re having a great week…” or “Thanks so much for your message…” can provide warmth to a message that might otherwise be perceived as cold.
  • Sarcasm, which is dependent on tone and delivery, might not be well-received online. Instead of being perceived as humorous, it can come across as rude at times.

Stick To a Time Limit

When conducting online meetings, it’s important to acknowledge that participants may be dealing with various distractions in their environments. To ensure everyone stays engaged, it’s advisable to keep virtual gatherings concise and focused. Limit the meeting duration and actively manage the question and answer sessions to avoid them dragging on. If further clarification or detailed discussions are needed, consider using email or collaboration platforms for follow-up communication. This approach respects everyone’s time and allows for thoughtful responses without the pressure of a live meeting.

Use Clear and Concise Language

Clarity is the key to this type of communication strategy. Without the benefit of tone and physical cues, it’s important to choose your words carefully to leave no room for interpretation. Keep it concise and avoid using complex or jargon-filled language that might confuse the recipient. To improve readability, structure your message with clear bullet points or short paragraphs, making it easier for the reader to grasp the main points. Remember, online content is often skimmed, so make every word count. Direct statements have the greatest impact. And don’t forget to include a clear call to action or a summary of requested actions to ensure the desired result or reply.

Convey the Right Tone of Voice

Mastering the art of conveying the right tone is one of the most effective strategies to improve online communication. Though lacking vocal inflection and volume, you can still imply tone through word choice, punctuation, and sentence structure. When crafting your message, consider the context and your relationship with the recipient. In professional settings, aim for a courteous and approachable tone, using language that shows respect and invites collaboration.

In more casual contexts, a friendly and relaxed tone with the occasional light-hearted phrasing or emojis can foster warmth and camaraderie. Always reread your messages before sending to ensure they reflect the intended tone and, when in doubt, err on the side of formality. Being mindful of your tone helps prevent misunderstandings and maintains a constructive atmosphere in digital communication.

Be Mindful of Other Participants

When you’re part of an online communication, it’s crucial to be aware of everyone else in the conversation. This means recognizing their presence and contributions, and ensuring that all voices have the opportunity to be heard. Actively listen and encourage participation from quieter members by asking for their input directly or creating spaces for them to share their thoughts comfortably.

Additionally, be sensitive to cultural differences and varying communication styles that could influence how participants convey and interpret messages. By fostering an inclusive environment, you empower all participants to engage fully, which enriches the conversation and understanding.

Recap Important Details

In the fast-paced world of online communication, it’s easy for important points to get overlooked or forgotten. That’s why it’s crucial to restate key details at the end of any digital interaction, whether it’s an email, a virtual meeting, or a conversation in a collaborative workspace. By summarizing the main takeaways and actionable items, you not only clarify any uncertainties but also reinforce the message for all participants.

When wrapping up an online discussion, include a brief recap that outlines the decisions made, tasks to be completed, and who is responsible for each action. This practice ensures everyone is on the same page and provides a written record for future reference, helping the team stay aligned and accountable.

Use Visual Aids

40% of the population prefers visual learning over auditory or kinesthetic, so when you incorporate visual aids into your online communication, it can significantly enhance the reception of your message. By using charts, images, diagrams, or videos, you have the ability to convey complex information more effectively than relying solely on voice or text. Visual elements have a way of grabbing attention and increasing memory retention.

They also help break up large blocks of text, resulting in a more user-friendly experience. Visuals also serve as powerful tools to illustrate points, show relationships between ideas, or demonstrate steps in a process. It is important to carefully select visuals that are relevant and add value to your content. Additionally, remember to describe or caption these aids appropriately to ensure accessibility for all participants, including those who may rely on screen readers.

Provide Thorough Responses

When engaging in any form of digital conversation, it’s crucial to respond with thorough and thoughtful replies. Offering a complete response demonstrates your full engagement with the question or comment and shows that you value this interaction. Take the time to address all the points raised, and if needed, do your research to provide accurate and informative answers.

This attention to detail not only reflects positively on you as a communicator but also helps build trust and credibility with your audience. Not to mention, comprehensive responses can help to prevent a lengthy chain of follow-up questions, saving time for everyone. However, remember to strike a balance between being thorough and being concise, so your message remains clear and easily understood.

Potential Barriers to Effective Communication in the Workplace

Potential Barriers to Effective Communication in the Workplace

While digital communication tools have helped bridge many gaps, they also introduce unique challenges that can potentially hinder team collaboration and productivity. Let’s explore these barriers and strategies to overcome them.

Physical Barriers

Physical barriers are often overlooked obstacles that can significantly hinder open communication within a workplace. These barriers can take the form of a remote team environment, or even the office layout, such as separate work areas or closed office doors. Perceived territories within the office space also come into play.

For example, if all the supervisors work in a distinct area, approaching that space may feel intimidating for other employees, causing them to avoid it altogether. These divisions disrupt the flow of information and decrease the frequency of casual yet valuable communication that builds team cohesion and collaboration.

Emotional Barriers

Emotional communication barriers are those that arise from feelings like mistrust and fear. For instance, if someone is intimidated by their manager, they are more likely to interpret their manager’s communications negatively and with a closed mind. These barriers have a significant impact on workplace dynamics, often leading to hesitation in sharing information, reluctance to engage in conversations, and an overall atmosphere of apprehension.

Perceptual Barriers

Perceptual barriers arise from how individuals interpret and subjectively understand messages. When employees have diverse backgrounds, experiences, or knowledge levels, they may perceive the same information differently. These barriers can be challenging because they aren’t always obvious and can be deeply ingrained in an individual’s perspective. Misunderstandings from these barriers can cause confusion, conflict, and inefficiency in communication.

Cultural Barriers

Cultural barriers in communication stem from individuals’ diverse backgrounds, which shape their behavior, language, and perceptions. These barriers can complicate interactions as cultural norms and practices vary widely across different groups. For example, gestures or idioms that are common in one culture may be misunderstood or even offensive in another. Language differences can also lead to misinterpretation or overlooking of important information, resulting in errors or strained relations.

Language Barriers

Language barriers arise when people do not share a common language or when complex language is used without considering the audience’s level of understanding. Examples of language barriers include using jargon, unfamiliar expressions, and abbreviations in written and verbal communication, which can alienate or confuse team members. These barriers are especially noticeable in diverse workplaces where employees may have different levels of proficiency in the primary business language or in industries that heavily rely on technical terms.

Interpersonal Barriers

Interpersonal communication barriers can arise when differences in individual personality traits or preferences interfere with successful interactions. These barriers encompass various factors, such as one’s frame of mind, emotions, social skills, mental health, and willingness to communicate.

For example, introverted individuals may find it challenging to initiate conversations and may prefer written communication over in-person interactions. Conversely, individuals with dominant personalities may overpower discussions, hindering others from contributing. Moreover, personal biases and preconceived notions about others can distort the way messages are sent and received.


How do you know if you are a good communicator?

Communication is a mirror and is best measured based on the response you get. In other words, if you don’t get the response you desired or expected, you can learn by looking in the mirror and asking yourself, “What did I communicate – or not communicate – that led to this outcome?” Doing so will help you learn to better adapt your communication style and approach in the future, to improve understanding with individuals who might think or behave differently.

Adapting your communication style to fit the audience is key. Interpersonal skills, like emotional intelligence, help you gauge the room and interact appropriately. Getting feedback from peers and achieving successful outcomes in your interactions are signs of strong communication skills. If people often seek your advice, value your input, and feel comfortable sharing with you, you’re definitely an effective communicator!

What are the 7 Cs of communication?

The 7 Cs of communication are a set of principles aimed at ensuring effective communication, and can help you uncover some ways to improve.

  • Clarity: Be clear about your message, use straightforward language, and avoid ambiguity.
  • Conciseness: Express your message using as few words as necessary, without sacrificing other qualities.
  • Concreteness: Make your message tangible and specific, avoiding vagueness or generalizations.
  • Correctness: Use proper grammar, punctuation, and ensure the accuracy of the information presented.
  • Coherence: Link all parts of your message logically, making sure it makes sense.
  • Completeness: Provide all necessary information, leaving no unanswered questions.
  • Courtesy: Be polite, respectful, and considerate of the receiver’s perspective.

Adhering to these principles leads to clear and effective communication that is likely to be well-received and understood by the audience.

How do you test communication skills?

To assess communication skills, individuals can engage in a variety of activities that evaluate both verbal and nonverbal abilities. Role-playing exercises, such as simulated conversations or group discussions, can help evaluate articulation, clarity of expression, and active listening skills. Written tests with scenarios requiring responses can assess proficiency in crafting clear and concise written communication.

Additionally, providing feedback on specific communication tasks or presentations can highlight strengths and areas for improvement. In professional settings, 360-degree feedback, which involves gathering opinions from a diverse group of colleagues, is often used to gauge interpersonal and communication effectiveness. Employers may also utilize standardized assessment tools that provide objective measures of communication skills.

All that said, remember that communication is a mirror, so the best test of how well you communicate is the response that you get. Do you get understanding, buy-in or participation, or are you met with disinterest, negative attitudes, or lack of engagement or response altogether? If you remain self-aware and willing to honestly evaluate how others respond to you, you’ll get all the feedback you need to communicate for maximum influence.