Strategies for Resolving Conflict in the Workplace

Conflict in the workplace is a common occurrence. You can’t avoid it, but you can manage it better. But, if ignored or mishandled, it may cause demotivation, productivity challenges, and the loss of your brightest talents.

As a manager or business owner, your role is to navigate these conflicts with empathy, creating a space where disputes are resolved openly and constructively, always with the long-term wellbeing of the team at heart.

What is Conflict Resolution?

Conflict resolution is taking a strategic approach to handling disagreements between two or more people. It brings opposing parties together in a way that everyone can feel heard, and can work toward amicable solutions. While everyone might not be entirely happy with the outcome, the goal is to come to solutions that everyone can accept, while protecting or restoring mutual respect.

The conflict resolution process may be facilitated by a third party acting as a mediator, who remains neutral throughout, or by someone directly involved in the conflict who adopts an impartial stance to guide towards a resolution. The capability to efficiently resolve conflicts is highly regarded as a characteristic of effective leadership. Individuals adept at navigating disputes, recognizing varied viewpoints, and facilitating agreements immensely benefit any organization. They play an important role in bridging personal differences, ensuring the smooth work continuation.

Conflict at Work

What Causes Conflict at Work?

Getting to the heart of why conflicts pop up at work is key to finding ways to fix them. Conflicts can spark from all sorts of things—like when people don’t communicate clearly, misunderstand each other’s actions or the rules, fight over resources, or just don’t see eye to eye on what’s important. Understanding what’s behind these disagreements helps us tackle them in a way that builds up the team and helps the organization grow.

Unclear Job Expectations

Unclear job expectations can be a major cause of conflict. When employees don’t clearly grasp their roles and responsibilities, or who is accountable for what, it sets the stage for misunderstandings and conflicts. If team members are left wondering about their duties or feel that the workload is inequitable, they might feel overlooked or swamped, which can sow seeds of stress and lead to arguments about workload or performance.

Differing Values

Everyone has their own  unique values and beliefs, but aligning with the company’s core ethos minimizes potential conflicts. This harmony boosts team unity and overall productivity, creating a more positive and unified work environment.

Unclear Responsibilities

Similar to job expectations, when it’s unclear who should be doing what, and when communication channels are not effective , finger-pointing, frustration, and conflict may become the norm.

Different Interests

Business interests, project objectives, and personal goals don’t always merge seamlessly. When these disparate interests are not managed, they can lead to internal strife.

Poor Management

Leadership plays a pivotal role in mitigating or inciting conflict. Poor management practices, such as favoritism, ambiguity, micromanagement, or the failure to address issues impartially, can lead to disengagement and resentment among team members.

Resistance to Change

Change is constant, but not all team members readily accept it. Those who resist change might feel threatened or insecure, and their behavior can cause disruptions that lead to conflict within the team.

Poor Working Habits

When certain individuals’ working styles, such as punctuality, follow-through, or attention to detail, don’t align with the expectations of the team or the nature of the work, it can create discord.

The Importance of Resolving Conflict in the Workplace

Using conflict resolution comes with numerous benefits for all parties involved. Here are some of them:

Building Strong Relationships

Unresolved arguments can strain both personal and working relationships. When conflicts remain unsettled, they can brew into explosive behaviors and deep-seated resentment. The key to transforming these tensions into stronger bonds lies in communication, emotional awareness, and empathy.

These core elements of conflict resolution not only heal rifts but also enrich relationships, making them more fulfilling in every aspect of life. Instead of giving up on a relationship after a rough patch, learning and applying conflict resolution strategies can fortify bonds and prevent future issues, turning challenges into opportunities for growth.

Maintaining Morale

Chronic conflict is a morale killer. When addressing conflicts head-on, you’re showing your team that their well-being and concerns are valued, which contributes positively to overall satisfaction and motivation at work.

Achieving Goals

Navigating conflicts is a key part of achieving goals, especially in professional lives. Arguments in the workplace can really put a damper on productivity, if both parties lack the ability to work through them. It’s tough to focus or collaborate when there’s unresolved tension buzzing in the air. Tackling these issues head-on, by getting to their root, can significantly boost efficiency and help you reach your goals.

Reducing Stress

Conflict can really weigh us down with stress. By making an effort to reduce or even resolve it, we’re creating a much healthier work atmosphere. In a space that’s both peaceful and supportive, everyone can give their best, boosting the team’s overall success and well-being.

Providing Insight

Conflict can be a stumbling block or a stepping stone. It’s true that resolving conflicts is important, but the presence of conflict itself is actually valuable. Diverse perspectives bring fresh ideas, spark innovation, and pave new ways to tackle challenges. Mastering conflict resolution skills helps prevent arguments from getting out of hand, while still valuing each person’s viewpoint, aiming for a solution that everyone can get behind.

Conflict Resolution Skills for Managers and Leaders

Conflict Resolution Skills for Managers and Leaders

Instead of hoping that conflicts won’t happen, you should equip yourself with the right tools and approaches to manage and, where possible, prevent these issues. Here are the top conflict management strategies and skills every manager and leader should adopt:

Be Proactive

Finding any underlying conflict sources may help you address them before they manifest. Establish clear policies, communication practices, and expectation management to avert crisis.


Create a workspace that fosters open communication. Encourage constructive feedback and actively listen to what your team is saying both through formal channels and informal body language and actions.

Be Fair and Impartial

It’s essential to be equitable in your treatment of employees. Not doing so can lead to conflict and can undermine the authority of management.

Step in When Needed

Know the right time to intervene. Sometimes stepping back and letting individuals hash out their differences on their own is beneficial. Other times, quick and decisive action from a manager can prevent unnecessary escalation of conflict.

Avoid Assumptions

In moments of conflict, it’s all too common to guess at others’ thoughts or feelings, but these assumptions often miss the mark and can escalate the situation. A more human approach involves actively listening and engaging in open conversation to truly understand their perspective.

How to Use Conflict Management in the Workplace?

Approaches to managing conflict are multifaceted, and different methods work for different situations. Here are some common strategies that can equip you to address conflict.

Define the Problem

Before you can resolve a conflict, you need to understand what the core issue is.

Here’s a question to help you identify the problem: “Am I mad at the other person, am I mad at myself, or am I mad at the situation?”

Remember: a true solution can only come from solving the root cause of the conflict – not symptoms.

If you allow anger or resentment to build up toward the other person, when the reality is that the situation just stinks, your emotions will get in the way of working together collaboratively to get through the issue.

Meet on Neutral Ground

Finding a compromise or discussing a problem should happen in a space where everyone feels safe and on equal footing. It’s important that this place encourages open and honest conversation.

Avoid holding these discussions in anyone’s office or in a common space that lacks privacy. By doing this, you focus squarely on resolving the issue, free from any hints of power play, or magnifying the issue by creating office gossip. Choosing a neutral location shows a deep respect for fairness and equality in solving conflicts.

Let Everyone Have a Say

Creating a space where everyone can share their perspective is key to resolving any conflict. By giving each person the chance to speak their mind, you ensure fairness and get closer to understanding the heart of the issue.

Approaching these conversations positively sets the stage for open and honest communication. Setting some basic ground rules from the start helps keep things respectful and focused. Encouraging everyone to share openly, seeking to understand the deeper reasons behind the conflict, and working together toward solutions can make interactions smoother.

Agree on a Solution

After hearing from both sides, take a moment to delve into the case without jumping to conclusions. Explore beyond initial impressions to understand the events, the people involved, their feelings, and hidden sources of conflict that might not be immediately obvious.

Once you’ve considered every angle, choose the solution that benefits everyone most. Ensure each party agrees that this solution is an acceptable course of action, even if it’s not their preferred approach. Adopting this comprehensive and empathetic approach ensures a fair and lasting resolution.

Common Conflict Resolution Techniques

Common Conflict Resolution Techniques

Dealing with workplace conflicts calls for a sensitive touch, a deep grasp of how people interact, and a variety of strategies for conflict resolution. Finding the right approach to keep the peace and keep things running smoothly is important. Let’s take a closer look at some widely used workplace conflict resolution methods that can help settle disputes amicably and maintain a harmonious work environment.

Active Listening

The core of effective conflict resolution lies in mastering active listening. This practice involves truly paying attention to the other person’s words and incorporating their perspective into your responses. By honing active listening skills, conversations flow more smoothly, understanding deepens, and everyone involved feels acknowledged and valued. Key active listening skills include:

  • Managing stress effectively
  • Regulating emotions
  • Clear articulation
  • Demonstrating empathy
  • Skilled negotiation

“I” statements

Using “I” statements during disagreements is a game-changer. It shifts the focus from pointing fingers to sharing personal feelings, which is super important. Often, both sides feel wronged or misunderstood, even though they might not have solid proof.

Instead of accusing each other and making things worse, “I” statements allow everyone to express their feelings from their own perspective, without making accusatory statements. This method promotes a much kinder and understanding conversation, paving the way for finding a solution together, rather than getting stuck in a blame game.

Emotional Regulation

Emotional regulation is key to managing and resolving conflicts without resorting to volatility or insults. It involves using emotional intelligence to identify and manage your own emotions, rather than allowing them to take over the conversation. This approach helps the parties involved in the conflict reach an agreement calmly, without letting emotions dictate the outcome. Here are some important emotional regulation skills:

  • Remaining calm under pressure
  • Effectively managing stress
  • Showing empathy towards others
  • Being sincere in your interactions
  • Navigating challenging personalities with grace
  • Demonstrating understanding and compassion
  • Practicing patience


At the heart of resolving conflicts and building healthy relationships are effective communication skills. It’s not just about solving issues in personal and professional relationships; clear and proper communication also plays a pivotal role in preventing future misunderstandings. Key communication skills that can make all the difference include:

  • Active listening
  • Mastering both what you say and how you say it (verbal and nonverbal communication)
  • Being clear and articulate in your expressions
  • The ability to persuade and influence positively


Surprisingly, a bit of calm assertiveness can actually do wonders. It means openly expressing your feelings and clearly communicating what you expect from others, instead of just dodging disagreements. Here, important skills are:

  • Being decisive
  • Playing fair
  • Demonstrating empathy and understanding
  • Keeping cool
  • Steering the ship
  • Sharing and respecting different viewpoints


Understanding and genuinely acknowledging when an apology is needed plays a crucial role in resolving conflicts effectively. True resolution is achieved not just by apologizing to swiftly end a dispute, but when the parties experiencing conflict genuinely comprehend their actions and the reasons prompting an apology.

It’s all about sincere understanding and making amends. Remember, it’s not always necessary to apologize for your point of view or actions, but if you realize that your communication or approach created or contributed to a negative situation, apologizing for how you handled it can go a long way in mending the relationship.

Training For Conflict Management In The Workplace

Training For Conflict Management In The Workplace

When people come together, each with their own unique perspectives, needs, and expectations, it’s natural for conflicts to arise. The real magic lies in how you navigate these conflicts. This is where effective strategies for conflict resolution, learned through specialized training programs, come into play.

By introducing a conflict management training program within an organization, we’re not just teaching employees how to handle disagreements; we’re empowering them with tools to communicate better, understand each other deeply, and work together towards a common goal, even amidst differences.

Such training enriches the company culture, teaching the art of problem-solving, empathy, and teamwork. It’s about turning conflicts into opportunities for growth and understanding, making the workplace a harmonious space for everyone involved.

Who Needs Conflict Management Training?

Every person in an organization, from the newest employees to the top executives, can greatly benefit from conflict resolution training. After all, disagreements are part of human nature and can pop up in the workplace, sometimes escalating faster than you expect.

By learning how to effectively navigate these conflict situations, everyone—whether they’re entry level, managers, or supervisors—can enhance their interpersonal skills. These skills are invaluable, enriching both professional interactions and personal relationships.


What is an example of a conflict between managers and employees?

At the heart of many workplace disputes lies a breakdown in communication and mismatched expectations between managers and employees. Imagine an employee drowning in tasks, feeling ignored or misunderstood by a manager they see as distant, dismissive or unappreciative. On the flip side, the manager might view the employee as disorganized, struggling to prioritize and manage their time efficiently.

This gap in understanding and communication breeds tension and unhappiness. The key to resolving such issues? A culture of open dialogue where everyone feels respected and listened to, combined with a collective effort to set achievable goals and provide the necessary support to meet them.

Which conflict management style is best?

The best way to handle conflicts really depends on the situation you’re in. However, experts suggest that working together – the collaborative approach – is usually your best bet. This method is all about both parties talking openly and honestly, and really listening to the other, to  understand where everyone’s coming from. It’s about working as a team to find a solution that is acceptable to all, building a sense of team spirit and respect along the way.

Unlike approaches that involve butting heads, doubling down on your own opinions, or just avoiding conflict, collaborating gets to the heart of the problem and solves it in a way that strengthens relationships and leads to outcomes everyone can feel good about.

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